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Edinburgh - City Of Edinburgh

Postal Town: Edinburgh (EH1)

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Edinburgh, history and present-day details

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The Old Town of Edinburgh dates back to iron age times. Edinburgh was known as Dunedin or Din Eidyn, fort of Eidyn, during the dark ages.

Two major developments existed in the town at that time; Castle Rock and the Abbey, founded by David I, Holy Rude, or Holyrood as it is now known. Castle Rock was built high above the town and served as a strategic look-out on the southern border. That is until Malcolm II declared the River Tweed as the border further to the south. Holyrood was built at the foot of the hill up to Castle Rock. During the 12th century Edinburgh was declared a royal burgh and the town of Edinburgh soon developed along the road between these the Abbey and the castle.

In 1329 Robert the Bruce gave Edinburgh a charter allowing it administrative control over the nearby port of Leith. This opened up the trade gates to foreign lands giving prosperity to the people of Edinburgh. James IV further developed the site at Holyrood for use as his royal palace and Edinburgh became known to many throughout Europe. This renaissance and the life of James IV ended suddenly in 1513 from the defeat at the Battle of Flodden against the English.
Mary Queen of Scots was born unto James V in 1542. By this time the characteristics you see today were apparent, such as the walls around the town and the high lands, or tall tenement buildings.

The Old Town was the home of Scottish Parliament until the union with England in 1707. Scottish Parliament has reformed since 1999 and is currently located at the Mound, just a stones throw from it original location. A new building is being developed at Holyrood

During the 1700s and early 1800s Edinburgh underwent major redevelopment. The population increased significantly and homes had to be built. However this was detrimental to the Old Town, which was almost left to decay. The poor people of the town took residence in the Old Town, which became susceptible to disease and very bad living conditions.

Thankfully, the Old Town underwent further re-development and today can be seen a magnificent city of Scotland.

Edinburgh offers guests a warm and friendly welcome. There is plenty to see and do and a wide choice of places to stay.

ŠJames McDonald

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