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Dover - Kent

Postal Town: Dover (CT16)

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Could you provide a brief summary of Dover? Prehaps you could profile the apects that make Dover a great place to visit.

Dover, history and present-day details

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Those white cliffs of Dover have spanned thousands of years of human life. There are remains in the area that date back 6000 years, and more recently, a bronze-age boat was uncovered dating 3500 years.

From the 5th century Germanic people settled in Dover, the start of the Anglo-Saxon era right up to 1066 when William the Conqueror marched to Dover and burnt most it to the ground.

The Norman Conquest rebuilt much of the town and opened up prosperous trading links between England and France. Some 300 years later, the French invaded once more and burnt the place to the ground (the Great Raid of 1295).

Over the years Dover's defences have increased and wooden structures replaced with strong stone keeps. Dover is the closest point to France, which had been a constant threat.

In the mid 19th Century, the industrial revolution and better transport networks and modes were the basis of much change in Dover, especially on the port. The population rose significantly due to work being generated from local industry and from the port with its enhanced links to France. Part of Dover was developed into a seaside resort with its famous pier and beach front. During the 1800s the town's underground and grand Victorian sewers were built to support the population rise.

The Great War saw Dover returning to its defensive past and a strategically important means of transporting troops across the North Sea to France. It was much the same in WW2 with thousands of soldiers being transported and Dover taking the brunt of many enemy aircraft and warship attacks. Dover suffered major infrastructure damage and loss of lives.

During the peaceful years after the war Dover returned to being the important trading link. Very little remains of Dover's historic buildings due to the wars and major post-war redevelopment schemes. Today, Dover is a major ferry port, transporting both tourists and freight to and from Europe.

There is plenty to see and do in Dover with lots of places to stay. Being within the county of Kent, and near to Sussex, this is a very beautiful part of Great Britain to visit and enjoy.

ŠPaul White

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